Immediate Mandibular Molar Transition
The case here is typical enough, a failing mandibular molar with a vertical sub-osseous fracture. Traditionally, the replacement process can take three or more surgical exposures (extraction and regeneration), (implant placement), (second stage exposure) and more than a year of therapy.
THE RISK PROFILE
|Low Risk||Medium Risk||High Risk|
|Patient’s health||Intact immune system|
|Light smoker||Impaired immune system|
|Patient’s esthetic requirements||Low||Medium||High|
|Height of smile line||Low||Medium||High|
|Gingival biotype||Thick – “low scalloped”||Medium – “medium scalloped”||Thin – “high scalloped”|
|Shape of dental crowns||Rectangular||Triangular|
|Infection at implant sight||None||Chronic||Acute|
|Bone height at adjacent tooth site||≤ 5 mm from contact point||5.5 – 6.5 mm from contact point||≥ 7 mm from contact point|
|Restorative status of adjacent tooth||Intact||Restored|
|Width of tooth gap||1 tooth (≥ 7 mm)||1 tooth (≤ 7 mm)||2 teeth or more|
|Bone anatomy of the alveolar ridge||No defect||Horizontal defect||Vertical defect|
Immediate molar replacement requires atraumatic removal of the fractured tooth, careful socket debridement and development of a channel for an ideally positioned implant. The implant then needs to be placed down in the bone channel with the implant platform positioned just below the socket walls. It needs to be stable. Channel deficiency augmentation is achieved with Geistlich Bio-Oss Collagen® which is covered with a collagen matrix, Geistlich Mucograft® with the edges tucked under the gingival margins and sealed over with tissue glue.
This single stage replacement protocol has proven to be simple, safe and highly effective providing the socket is fully degranulated and the implant is stable and not loaded in the early healing stages. It works well when a gingiva former is immediately placed into the implant instead of a cover screw, Geistlich Bio-Oss Collagen® is packed around the implant to fill the residual socket, then covered with a Geistlich Mucograft® and sutured. There is no need for flap advancement to cover over the socket.
This procedure really just merges a socket regeneration procedure with implant placement. It’s a simple and effective procedure which has now become quite standard for us.”Dr. Peter Hunt
Dr. Peter Hunt
After graduate training on an Annenberg Fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania, dr. hunt helped start up the University of the Western Cape dental School in Cape Town, South Africa. he returned to the University of Pennsylvania where in time he became Clinical Professor of Periodontics. later he helped start up Nova Southeastern‘s dental School where he was Professor of Restorative dentistry, Post Graduate director and director of Implantology. he has had a private practice in Philadelphia focusing on implant and rehabilitation dentistry since 1981.