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BIOBRIEF

Guided Tissue Regeneration in the Esthetic Zone of a 34-Year-Old Male

Bassam Kinaia, DDS, MS, DICOI

THE SITUATION

A 34-year-old healthy male presented with increased spacing between maxillary left central and lateral incisors. Clinical examination showed deep probing depths between #9-10 area. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed vertical bone loss #9-10 wrapping around the palatal surfaces. Treatment recommendation included guided tissue regeneration (GTR) to stabilize the periodontium.

Area #9-10 was debrided and showed a wide 1-2 wall defect measuring ~7mm vertical bone loss. GTR procedure using Geistlich vallomix™ bone graft (allograft + xenograft) and a collagen membrane were employed and primary closure obtained. Healing at 2 and 4 weeks and 6 months showed proper bone fill with stable periodontium.

THE RISK PROFILE

Low RiskMedium RiskHigh Risk
Patient’s healthIntact immune system Light smokerImpaired immune system 
Patient’s esthetic requirementsLowMediumHigh
Height of smile lineLowMediumHigh
Gingival biotypeThick – “low scalloped”Medium – “medium scalloped”Thin – “high scalloped”
Shape of dental crownsRectangularTriangular
Infection at implant sightNoneChronicAcute
Bone height at adjacent tooth site≤ 5 mm from contact point5.5 – 6.5 mm from contact point≥ 7 mm from contact point
Restorative status of adjacent toothIntactRestored
Width of tooth gap1 tooth (≥ 7 mm)1 tooth (≤ 7 mm)2 teeth or more
Soft-tissue anatomyIntactCompromised
Bone anatomy of the alveolar ridgeNo defectHorizontal defectVertical defect
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THE APPROACH

Correct the vertical bone loss around #9-10 and save the dentition. Sulcular incisions with a paracrestal incision around #9-10 were performed. The area was debrided showing a wide 1-2 bony wall defect (measuring ~7mm vertical bone loss). Primary closure was obtained using 6-0 prolene sutures.

Initial clinical and radiographic presentation showing vertical bone loss #9-10 area
Initial CBCT presentation showing bone loss between #9-10 wrapping palatally
Occlusal clinical views showing sulcular incision with paracrestal incision #9-10
Facial and occlusal clinical views showing full thickness flap reflection with wide 1-2 bony wall defect measuring ~7mm vertical bone loss
Facial clinical views showing full thickness flap reflection and GTR procedure using Geistlich vallomix™ bone graft (allograft as an internal first layer and xenograft as an outside second layer) and collagen membrane
Facial and occlusal clinical views showing primary closure using 6-0 prolene sutures with immediate post-surgical bone addition
Facial and occlusal clinical views showing healing at 10 days with tissue granulating in
Facial and occlusal clinical views showing healing at 6 weeks
Pre-operative vs post-surgical clinical and radiographic views showing adequate bone fill and reduction in probing depths

“Guided tissue regeneration is indicated to correct the vertical bone loss around the #9-10 area and stabilize the periodontium.”

THE OUTCOME

The use of a minimally invasive surgical GTR approach showed excellent radiographic bone fill and reduction in probing depths from 8mm to 3mm at 6 months follow-up. Treatment outcome revealed stable periodontium and the patient was happy with the healthy stable teeth.

6 months follow-up

Guided tissue regeneration using Geistlich vallomix™ bone graft (allograft as an internal first layer and xenograft as an outside second layer) and collagen membrane showed predictable periodontal regeneration.”

Dr. Bassam Kinaia

Understanding the biology of Geistlich vallomix™ to layer the allograft first (internally for better osteogenic potential) and xenograft second (externally due to slower resorption rate) allowed better space maintenance and predictable regeneration.”

Dr. Bassam Kinaia

Bassam Kinaia, DDS, MS, DICOI

Dr. Kinaia is the Associate Director of the Graduate Periodontology Program at the University of Detroit Mercy (UDM). He is also the former Director of the Periodontology Program at UDM in Michigan and Boston University Institute for Dental Research and Education in Dubai. He is a Diplomate of the American Acade- my of Periodontology (AAP) and International Congress of Oral Implantology (ICOI). He received a certificate of Excellence from the AAP in recognition of teaching-research fellowship.

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CLINICAL CASE